These Wave protocols all gently ramp between two frequencies over a specified ramp time.
The gentle frequency sweep is intended to be similar to natural brain wave patterns.
The use of these wave patterns is totally experimental, we do not know the effects, it is not proven safe, and is intended for adult self-hackers only.
You can find links to each brain wave pattern on Wikipedia.org:
The Model M1 delivers each wave in the central portion of each generally accepted frequency range as a gently shifting frequency over time, ramping from a higher frequency to a lower frequency, then back again, similar to the natural wave patterns of a living brain.
Beta 1 (Low)
Beta 2 (Med)
Beta 3 (High)
Note that the ramp time is for each direction (up or down). Total cycle time is 2 x ramp time.
Also note that the effects and safety of these patterns has not been established. For example, while Gamma waves may affect memory, recall, and awareness by altering stochastic resonance, it may also just be irritating. Please exercise caution when self-experimenting with these protocols.