The original NASA research was done using the following protocols:
1996 – 2001: 5 pps and 10 pps continuous (along with other waveforms determined to have no biological effect, and therefore not included in the ICES technology beyond gen 1.0)
2001 – 2007: Further experiments using these continuous pulse protocols were used in ICES gen 2.0 and 3.0, with funding from NASA and DARPA, followed by private funding. The 10 pps protocol was used in the TAMU rabbit ulna surgical defect study in 2007.
The standard ICES protocols were developed in this order:
P2 (2008 – 2014, designated ICES gen 4.0), the first ICES protocol, used in our oldest commercial models, including the MagnaFix, AllevaWave, SomaPulse (registered trademark of Dr. Pawluk), WeHelpPlus, and others. This protocol was used in the continuing animal studies and the Egypt Craniofacial Reconstruction study.
A9 (2014 – 2015, designated ICES gen 5.0), the original protocol for the model A9, with adjustments and improvements based upon scientific observations, clinical feedback, and user feedback from sales of the model P2 and earlier models.
Onmi-8 (2016, also ICES gen 5.0), developed with extensive beta testing. This was the only beta-tested newprotocol judged to be “slightly better” than the A9 protocol by our beta testers.
B5 – C5 (2017, designated ICES gen 6.0), developed on the basis of user feedback and beta testing for the models B5, C5, and M, this protocol is still being evaluated.
Most of our user feedback favors the Omni-8 protocol, but the differences are individual and tend to be small, and the B5-C5 protocol has not been fully evaluated yet (it is currently under study).
The Standard ICES Protocols (B5-C5, P2, A9, Omni-8) are generally used by people for a very wide range of applications, from chronic pain to orthopedic injury to peripheral nerve dysfunction. The model M1 includes all of the newest protocols currently under scientific investigation as well as the older legacy protocols that have been used in older systems.
These protocols all include a sequence of modes, starting with 5 pps (bipolar pulses) for several minutes, followed by short bursts of 100 pps in both positive and negative polarity, or a mix of the two (5 pps and 100 pps). These patterns were developed to emulate the neural impulses in developing musculoskeletal system in utero and are hypothesized to signal tissue growth and development.
Bob’s opinion: it is difficult to tell the difference in biological effectiveness betweenthese in controlled scientific experiments. They all have similar effects. Most people report that the newer protocols (Omni-8 and B5-C5) *may* be 10% to 15% better than the older protocols (P2 and A9). But most people have a preference, so you can experiment with them to see what works best for you. Each one also has an optional 5 minute rest period at the end of each cycle.
If you are completely lost and cannot decide, consider starting with the B5-C5, the OMNI-8 or either of these with 5 minute REST option.